Von Neumann Bottleneck


Can Programming Be Liberated...


ALGOL Bottleneck


Fiction vs. Reality

Fiction: Libraries are Independent

How Programmers Think About Libraries



Reality: Libraries Share A Global Variable

How Libraries Actually Work


The stack is a data structure.

The stack is a global variable.

The stack is shared by all functions.

The stack records dynamic call history.

The stack is a dynamic dependency chain between functions.